Treatment for osteoporosis usually involves lifestyle changes like exercise and diet. You may also be prescribed medication to slow down bone loss (called osteo resorption) or both.
If you have a painful vertebral compression fracture from osteoporosis, you may be eligible to have surgery like kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty.
This section provides information on diet, exercise, fall prevention, and other ways to lower your chances of developing osteoporosis complications.
Nutrition and Diet for osteoporosis
A balanced and healthy diet is essential for osteoporosis patients. Patients with osteoporosis should consult a doctor or nutritionist to learn about their daily needs for calcium and vitamin D and how they can incorporate these nutrients into their daily lives.
Calcium: Patients should increase their calcium intake through a healthy diet. Your body can get calcium from dairy products such as milk, cheese, and yogurt. Patients who cannot consume dairy products should consider taking a supplement. Other sources of calcium include dark leafy greens like spinach, broccoli, and kale.
It is not recommended that you consume more calcium than is necessary. Exercising more calcium than recommended can lead to other health problems, such as stroke, heart disease, and kidney stones.
Vitamin D: Calcium absorption must occur if the body has enough vitamin D. Each osteoporosis patient may require a different amount depending on their dietary requirements.
Although a doctor might recommend vitamin D intake greater than the daily recommended amount of 15 mcg (6600 to 20 mg) or 800 IU, this is not a standard recommendation).
Exercise and fitness: Regular exercise can increase bone density, strengthen muscles, and decrease the risk of falling. Weight-bearing and muscle strengthening are essential for bone health and prevention.
Lower your chance of falling
Osteoporosis may cause bone loss and make them weaker. It would be best if you reduced your chance of stumbling.
Ways to decrease the chances of falling:
- Exercise can help you improve your balance, coordination, and muscles.
- Install handrail in the shower to improve safety. You could also use a stool to reduce the steps.
- A person with correct vision impairments could fall and trip if they are not careful.
- An occupational therapist may serve patients with osteoporosis who can offer more specific advice about fall prevention.
9 exercises for osteoporosis:
- Stairs climbing
- Walking can do wonders.
- A short and easy hike
- Tai Chi
- Dancing is possible if you’re able.
- Tennis, if possible.
Patients with osteoporosis should consult their doctor before beginning a new exercise program to ensure safety and avoid injury.
ALSO READ: AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR OSTEOPOROSIS