Ayurveda divides the human body into seven components or “Sapthadhathu.” These elements are essential for the health and well-being of the body.
Followings are the seven dhatus:
- Rasa Dhatu: Plasma/lymph liquid
- Rakta Dhatu: The Blood
- Mamsa Dhatu: Muscles
- Meda Dhatu: Fat
- Asthi Dhatu: Bone
- Majja Dhatu: Bone marrow
- Shukra Dhatu: Reproductive fluid, or Semen
Rasa Dhatu, plasma: This dhatu transports the body-plasma fluids. It also provides nourishment for all the other Dhatus. The Kapha dosha supports the Rasa dhatu.
Rakta Dhatu: Blood is the foundation of life. It provides nourishment for all tissues and cells. It gives strength and color to the blood. Pitha dosha supports the Rakta dhatu.
Mamsa Dhatu: This dhatu gives movement to the muscles. It is physical support for the meda-dhatu. The Kapha dosha supports the Mamsa dhatu.
Meda Dhatu, fat: This dhatu stores energy and provides strength for the body. As a way to support bones and body lubrication, the fatty tissues also store fat. The Kapha dosha helps the Meda dhatu.
Asthi Dhatu (bone): This dhatu contains all bones and cartilages and gives shape to your body. It supports the Mamsa Dhatu. Vata dosha helps the Asthi dhatu.
Majja Dhatu: This dhatu is about bone marrow. It helps to nourish the body and maintain its functions. Majja dhatu strengthens and fills the body. It also feeds Shukra dhatu. The kapha dosha supports Majja dhatu
Shukra Dhatu: Shukra Dhatu is a nutrient that supports the reproductive capabilities of an individual. It also includes sperm, ovum, and eggs. The Kapha dosha helps the Shukra dhatu.
Each of the seven dhatus is interconnected. A malfunction in one dhatu could affect the rest. The five mahabhutas, or elements, make up the dhatus. The five elements are the doshas. They help to balance the dhatus. The body’s functioning is improved when there are well-balanced doshas.